has been a core component of Echoes and Reflections since the initial planning stages of development. During program development, focus groups were conducted and other evaluative tools including surveys, classroom observation, and interviews with stakeholders were utilized to gather data on what teachers and students find most useful. Over the course of two years, the Partners learned from over 800 teachers and 200 students, refined the program, and integrated evaluation as an essential component of the program.
The evaluative approach is based on a social science model, focused on measuring affective, cognitive, and behavioral factors through appropriate research design. Meaningful measures are utilized, including subjective and objective assessments and the metrics and measures used are designed to be comparable and longitudinal. The Partners work with independent external evaluators, to minimize bias and maximize potential for program improvement.
Monitoring and evaluation provide responses to such questions as those listed below:
- What are some of the innovative ways teachers are using the resources, and how can they inform the practice of future Echoes and Reflections users?
- How are students interacting with the program resources, and what impact does it have on them?
- Are there any differences in classroom implementation based on teacher characteristics (e.g., subject or grade taught, prior teaching experience)?
- What factors support/impede teacher use of the Echoes and Reflections resources?
- How do Echoes and Reflections professional development opportunities enhance the program?