10 Resources for Teaching about Rescue and Non-Jewish Resistance


Each entry in this series of monthly posts provides 10 helpful resources and references for educators about a particular theme. Share your ideas for more posts like this one at #10YearsofEchoes, Facebook, Twitter, or Email.

Anne Frank and Miep Gies

Miep Gies helped the Franks and others to survive for the two years they were in hiding

June 12th marks what would have been Anne Frank’s birthday. Her story, intrinsically linked to that of Miep Gies and the others who risked their lives to help her, along with other stories of Jews being helped during the Holocaust, offers educators the opportunity to explore the broad and complex themes of rescue and resistance.

Echoes and Reflections Lesson 7: Rescuers and Non-Jewish Resistance, along with other resources in the Echoes and Reflections Teacher’s Resource Guide, offer powerful tools to guide educators in building meaningful engagement with this subject for students.

Rescuers and Non-Jewish Resistance

  1. Renee Scott remembers collaborating with the Chamber of Commerce in France to provide Jews with false papers.
  2. Turkish diplomat Necdet Kent, who rescued about seventy Turkish Jews living in France by preventing their deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau said, “What I have done is what I should have done.” Explore the informational text Those Who Dared to Rescue.
  3. Most of the Jews in Denmark survived because of a national effort to smuggle Jews out of the country. This passage provides in-depth information about the rescue of Jews in Denmark.
  4. Discuss the Yad Vashem criteria for “Righteous Among the Nations” and visit IWitness to watch Peter Feigl’s testimony (clip #15 – #17) in which he describes his experience in Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, a commune in south-central France where residents risked their lives to provide a haven for Jews fleeing the Nazis.
  5. Arie Van Mansum, rescuer and aid provider, discusses his role in helping Jews as being his “Christian responsibility.”
  6. Miep Gies, one of the people who helped Anne Frank, shares her thoughts about Anne Frank’s Legacy.
  7. Leslie Banos recounts using his position at the Nazi headquarters in Budapest to support his family in their efforts to shelter and rescue people hiding from the Nazis.

Ursula-Levy-Hiding-in-HollandSurvivor Experiences in Hiding

  1. Kristine Keren recounts the experience of her family hiding from the Nazis in the sewers of Lvov, Poland.
  2. Ursula Levy talks about evading Nazi persecution by hiding in a convent in Holland.

Critical Thinking

10. Utilize Reflect and Respond and Making Connections (Echoes and Reflections Teacher’s Resource Guide, p. 184) to encourage students to consider what makes someone a hero and the moral choices rescuers made during the Holocaust.