Introduction

Explore these frequently asked questions that students and teachers most commonly ask when studying the Holocaust.

What was the Holocaust?

Is the Holocaust a singular event in history?

How many Jews were murdered in each country?

Who were other victims of Nazism? How was their fate similar to and different from the fate of the Jews?

When and how did the Nazis decide to murder the Jews under their control?

How did the Nazis treat the Jews for the first years after their accession?

How did the Jews in Nazi Germany respond to their persecution before the war?

Why didn't more Jews leave Europe before the war began?

Why didn't more Jews go to Palestine before the war?

To which countries did the Jews of the Reich immigrate before the outbreak of the war? How many entered each country?

Why did the Nazis murder the Jews?

When and how did the Nazis come to power?

What were the largest ghettos, how many Jews were in them, and when were they liquidated?

What conditions prevailed in the ghettos?

How did Jews cope with conditions in the ghettos?

What were the Einsatzgruppen and what was their role in the murder of the Jews?

Which German units took part in the murder of the Jews?

What were the gas vans? When and where were they used?

Who built the gas chambers? What kind of gas was used to kill Jews there, and who provided it?

What were concentration camps? When did they start to function, and what was their purpose?

What were the extermination camps? When did they start to function, and what was their purpose?

What were the “Death Marches”?

What role did German-dominated governments play in the murder of Jews?

What role did non-German civilians play in the murder of Jews?

How did the Nazis try to hide their atrocities?

When did the world learn about the Holocaust? How did information reach the free world?

Why didn't the Allies bomb Auschwitz?

What were the Judenraete (Jewish Councils)?

How did Jews resist the Nazis during the war?

Who are the 'Righteous Among the Nations'?

In what condition were the Jews in Germany and Poland after the liberation? How did their rehabilitation start?

What is Holocaust Denial?

Was religious Judaism the object of Nazi persecution and did the Nazis primarily harm religious Jews?