Nine Days, Nine Ways – Pedagogy in Practice


With Nine Days, Nine Ways, Echoes and Reflections unveiled our “Pedagogy in Practice” – Pedagogical Principles for Effectively Teaching about the Holocaust. Each day we unpacked one of the nine elements of the pedagogy and made recommendations for resources aligned with each.

Revisit the nine principles along with the new Video Toolbox: Teaching the Holocaust in Today’s World that kicked off our campaign, and explore the accompanying resources recommended here. Continue to reference this list at your convenience to support your classroom instruction.


  1. Pedagogy in practice - define termsDefine terms: What was the Holocaust? What is genocide? A solid foundation starts with defining key terms to ensure common understanding.
  2. Provide background on the history of antisemitism: Sound Holocaust education begins with understanding antisemitism.
  3. Contextualize the history: The Holocaust did not happen in a vacuum. Students must study historical events with a larger understanding of time, place, and how they connect before and after other events.
  4. pedagogy in practice - teach the human storyTeach the human story: To understand the Holocaust, we need to tell personal stories.
    • Reference: Visual history testimony by lesson is a helpful reference to the survivor voices featured in Echoes and Reflections. Introduce students to the people who witnessed the events that they are learning about; emphasizing, however, that the survivor voices are the exception.
  5. Use primary source materials: Students learn when exposed to a variety of perspectives.
    • Reference: Lesson Components for a full reference to all the primary source materials available in each lesson throughout Echoes and Reflections.
  6. Make the Holocaust relevant: Make contemporary connections for students.
    • Reference: Connect what students are learning to contemporary events and issues with Making Connections: available in each lesson under Additional Resources on the Lesson Components Page.
  7. Pedagogy in Practice - Foster EmpathyEncourage inquiry based learning and critical thinking: Sharing ideas is inspirational.
    • Reference: Build on what students have learned and provide opportunities for them to share ideas and ask questions of themselves and others with “Reflect and Respond” – Builds on each lesson and can be found on the Lesson Components page under Additional Resources.
  8. Foster empathy: Challenge students to understand people and their attitudes in a historical context by championing the human story of the Holocaust.
  9. Ensure a supportive learning environment: Hear what teachers have to say about the impact of studying the Holocaust in their classrooms.

Be sure to connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, and on our YouTube channel, where you can find additional Educator Video Toolbox videos, and stay up to date with #PedagogyInPractice for the latest in classroom-ready tools and resources.